Badass是什么意思?褒义还是贬义?


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Badass在美语中是一个非常流行的口语单词,你经常可以听到人们用Badass来形容不同的人、或者物,比如:I heard this guy’s a real badass, you better stay away from him。又比如:Maggie Q plays a badass character in the hit TV show Nikita. 还有,That’s a badass sports car you got over there. 由于构成Badass的词Bad和ass似乎并非褒义,使得badass看起来更具负面意义。那么Badass是否真如它看起来那样,是个贬义词呢?

我们来看看权威怎么说,Dictionary.com对badass的解释如下:



Slang: Vulgar.
adjective, Also, badassed
1.(of a person) difficult to deal with; mean-tempered; touchy.
2.distinctively tough or powerful; so exceptional as to be intimidating.
noun
3.a mean-tempered troublemaker.

俚语:粗话。<形容词,也写作badassed> 1.常指难对付的人;暴脾气;易怒。2.相当厉害难缠、力量强大;具有非常的威胁性。3.<名词>脾气乖戾的麻烦制造者。该网站也指出,作为俚语(Slang),badass具有”excellent”(超好)的意思。

在Wiktionary.com,对于badass的名词含义有两种截然不同的解释:首先看负面的,A mean or belligerent person; a person with unpleasantly extreme attitudes, behavior or appearance.(刻薄、好斗者;具有使人反感的极端态度、行为、或外表者);再看正面的,A person considered impressive due to extreme attitudes, behavior or appearance. (由于其极端态度、行为或外表而使人仰慕者)。

介绍到这里,我想答案已经比较明了,badass既可以用做贬义,也可以用作褒义,取决于所处的语境你可以尝试把它翻译为:牛逼的、强悍(凶悍)的、狠角色、或厉害的。总体而言,在今天的语言环境下,尤其是在美国,badass所具备的褒扬含义要更多一点,它不仅可用来形容人,也可用于酷炫的事物(如前面例子里的:badass sports car)。我想,下面这篇来自Wikihow,名为How to Become a Badass文章的精彩开头,最能概括如今人们对badass角色的喜爱之情吧(大家可以阅读体会一下,相当有画面感):

You know the guy — he parks his motorcycle and walks fearlessly into the bar, clad in black leather. He opens his jacket, revealing tattooed sleeves. He puts a bill on the table, which the barkeep accepts, putting a shot in front of him. You catch a glimpse of the man’s a devil-may-care look in his eye before you quickly look away. You’ve just seen a badass, and you like the idea of becoming one yourself.

Updates:

(1) 2017.9.7: 近期有读者问到:Stay badass(或stay a badass)是什么意思?其实理解了上面对badass的解释,stay badass的含义也“其义自见”了。Stay badass,就是保持那种badass的状态,中文里Will暂时想不到对应的翻译,姑且说成:”愿你一直牛逼!”或”祝你永远犀利!”吧 🙂

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